Miguel Hernandez plies several trades, including hairdressing, before taking part in the Spanish Civil War in forces opposed to General Franco. Imprisoned in France in a concentration camp, he begins to draw at the age of forty-six. Following his release, he sets up a small studio in Paris where he paints in oil. His brightly colored works are populated by figures with wiry limbs and strange faces.
Dubuffet met Hernandez in 1947, probably thanks to Michel Tapié or Robert Giraud. A one-man show of works by Miguel Hernandez was held at the Foyer de l’Art Brut prior to the exhibition at the Galerie René Drouin. Dubuffet and Hernandez stayed in touch until 1951, when Dubuffet send the collection to America.