Juliette Élisa Bataille marries in 1917, settling in Paris following her husband’s mobilization. After embarking on various trades, she becomes a florist. Around the age of forty, she is afflicted by psychological disorders that result in her being sectioned. Following her internment, and for about three years, she starts embroidering with thick woolen yarn, cotton, and silk. By tacking the threads in various directions, she defines at once the outlines of motifs and the color of a continuous element, such as the sky or a façade, treated as a flat tint. She also produces pastels on paper and cardboard.
Juliette Élisa Bataille personally donated her work to Jean Dubuffet, whom she met several times at the hospital between 1948 and 1949.